On its website, the government provides information on three important steps to prevent contracting the virus that is currently endemic around the world, including ways to reduce risks and what to do when sick.
The government recommends 3 steps to prevent COVID-19.
1. Know How to Reduce Risk
To prevent transmission, the best way to do this is to know the risks and avoid them, including by maintaining cleanliness. However, the government also advises people to carry out social distancing or reduce direct contact with other people.
When a person infected with COVID-19 is being isolated, that person can still spread the virus to their surroundings through close contact which is known as community transmission.
The more widespread the transmission, then more actions need to be taken such as reducing contact between one resident and another in the area which is then called social distancing.
Therefore, many large agendas and events have been postponed or canceled, such as sporting events, music concerts, religious events to large gatherings to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
In addition, the government also recommends that the community maintain cleanliness. Reporting to the Cleveland Clinic, COVID-19 spreads through respiratory droplets or droplets of infected people. So, it’s possible that someone can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or eyes.
Therefore, it is important to maintain cleanliness to avoid this virus. Follow the hygiene steps to prevent COVID-19 as below.
- Wash hands frequently with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds and remind children to wash their hands properly with soap.
- Wash your hands with soap when you get home, work, or school, before eating, before preparing food, and after using the toilet.
- Use a hand sanitizer of at least 60 percent alcohol content if soap and running water are not available
- Cover mouth and nose with folded elbows when coughing or sneezing. Use wipes, which are thrown into a closed bin immediately after use. Wash hands with soap and running water or hand sanitizer.
- Keep at least one meter distance from people. Don’t be around unhealthy people.
- Avoid touching the face because the mouth, nose, eyes can be the entrance to the virus.
2. Know the Correct Information
The public must keep abreast of information about the COVID-19 virus. Countries with many cases of the Coronavirus have issued new regulations to stop the spread.
On the other hand, the public is expected to be able to distinguish false information or hoax news circulating. This is because the ease of communication that is supported by digital devices is often misused by the spread of false information. Always follow the latest information from reliable sources.
3. Know What to Do When Sick
The Coronavirus or COVID-19 which is currently spreading worldwide is a new type of virus and its first case was found in Wuhan, China, at the end of last year.
However, people don’t need to panic when they find themselves experiencing these symptoms because these symptoms are similar to the common cold. Furthermore, the majority of people infected with COVID-19 recover.
You can do an examination at the nearest hospital to ensure your health, especially if the complaint persists, or is accompanied by difficulty breathing.
When visiting a health care facility, you should wear a mask. If you don’t have a mask, follow the correct ethics of coughing or sneezing by covering your mouth and nose with folded elbows or a tissue that is immediately thrown into a closed trash can.
Health workers in health service facilities will conduct a screening suspect. If you meet the criteria for a suspected coronavirus, you will be referred to a referral hospital that is ready to handle COVID-19.
However, if you do not meet the suspect criteria, you will be hospitalized or outpatient depending on the doctor’s diagnosis and decision.